Volume 4, Issue 3, May 2015, Page: 132-138
Internet Self-Efficacy in Writing Processes Task Performance
Amin Shahini, Department of Languages and Literature, Science and Research Branch, Islamic Azad University, Tehran, Iran
Majid Nemati, Department of English Language and Literature, University of Tehran, Tehran, Iran
Received: May 17, 2015;       Accepted: May 26, 2015;       Published: Jun. 8, 2015
DOI: 10.11648/j.edu.20150403.16      View  3916      Downloads  118
This paper investigates the impact of Internet Self-Efficacy on the process writing performance of EFL learners in two online environment—wiki and email. Forty male and female sophomores and juniors who were sitting a course on process writing participated in this study. The participants were randomly assigned to the wiki and email modules. The teacher required the wiki participants to write and post about given topics on the wiki and as for the email module the participants had to send their writing samples through email. In both modules, the participants were given feedback by the teacher in the email module and by the teacher and peers in the wiki. Each session each writing sample was rated by a writing process rating scale (Maftoon & Akef, 2010). Meanwhile, an Internet Self-Efficacy Measure was also administered to both groups. Results indicated that there were positive and significant correlations between the stages of process writing and Internet self-efficacy. Discussions, suggestions, and implications for research and practice are proposed.
Internet Self-Efficacy, Wiki, Email, Writing
To cite this article
Amin Shahini, Majid Nemati, Internet Self-Efficacy in Writing Processes Task Performance, Education Journal. Vol. 4, No. 3, 2015, pp. 132-138. doi: 10.11648/j.edu.20150403.16
Agarwal, C., Green, G. M., Grove, J. M., Evans, T. P., & Schweik, C. M. (2000). A review and assessment of land-use change models: Dynamics of space, time, and human choice. CIPEC Collaborative Report Series, 1, 1-84.
Bandura, A. (1997). Self-efficacy: The exercise of control. New York: W.H. Freeman and Company.
Bax, S. (2003). CALL- past, present and future. System, 31(1), 13-28.
Bell, P. D. (2007). Predictors of college student achievement in undergraduate asynchronous web-based courses. Education, 127, 523–533.
Chang, C., Liu, E., Sung, H., Lin, C., Chen, N., & Cheng, S. (2014). Effects of online college student’s Internet self-efficacy on learning motivation and performance. Innovations in Education and Teaching International Education and Teaching International, 51 (4), 366–377.
Chao, Y. C. J., & Lo, H. C. (2011). Students’ perceptions of Wiki-based collaborative writing for learners of English as a foreign language. Interactive Learning Environments, 19, 395-411.
Chu, R. J. C., & Tsai, C. C. (2009). Self-directed learning readiness, Internet self-efficacy and preferences towards constructivist Internet-based learning environments among higher-aged adults. Journal of Computer Assisted Learning, 25, 489–501.
Compeau, D. R., & Higgins, C. A. (1995). Computer self-efficacy: Development of a measure and initial test. MIS Quarterly, 19, 189-211.
Compeau, D. R., Higgins, C. A., & Huff, S. (1999). Social cognitive theory and individual reaction to computing technology: A longitudinal study. MIS Quarterly, 23(2), 145-158.
Davis, F. D., Bagozzi, R. P., & Warshaw, P. R. (1989). User acceptance of computer technology: A comparison of two theoretical models. Management Science, 35 (8), 982-1002.
Eastin, M.S. (2002). Diffusion of e-commerce: An analysis of the adoption of four e-commerce activities. Telematics and Informatics, 19, 251–267.
Eastin, M. A., & LaRose, R. L. (2000). Internet self-efficacy and the psychology of the digital divide. Journal of Computer Mediated Communication, 6 (1), 22-40.
Flowers, L. O. (2011). Exploring HBCU student academic self-efficacy in online STEM courses. The Journal of Human Resource and Adult Learning, 7 (2), 139-145.
Greenfield, R. (2003). Collaborative e-mail exchange for teaching secondary ESL: A case study in Hong Kong. Language Learning & Technology, 7 (1), 46-70.
Hill, T., Smith, N. D., & Mann, M. F. (1987). Role of efficacy expectations in predicting the decision to use advanced technologies: The case of computers. Journal of Applied Psychology, 72, 307-313.
Hodges, C. B., & Kim, C. (2010). Email, self-regulation, self-efficacy, and achievement in a college online mathematics course. Journal of Educational Computing Research, 43 (2), 207-223.
Hsu, M. H., & Chiu, C. M. (2004). Internet self-efficacy and electronic service acceptance. Decision Support Systems, 38, 369– 381.
Igbaria, M., & Livari, J. (1995). The effect of self-efficacy on computer usage. Omega International Journal of Management Science, 23 (6), 587- 605.
Igo, L. B. (2002). The accuracy of self-efficacy: A comparison of high school and college students. Academic Exchange Quarterly, 6 (10), 70–85.
Joo, Y., Bong, M., & Choi, H. (2000). Self-efficacy for self-regulated learning, academic self-efficacy, and Internet self-efficacy in Web-based instruction. Educational Technology Research and Development, 48 (2), 5–17.
Juwah, C. (2006). Introduction. In C. Juwah (Ed.), Interactions in online education: Implications for theory and practice (pp. 1-5). New York: Routledge.
Kessler, G. (2009). Student-initiated focus to form in wiki-based collaborative writing. Language Learning & Technology, 13(1), 79-95. Retrieved June 15, 2014, from: http://llt.msu.edu/vol13num1/kessler.pdf
Kim, Y. H., & Kim, D. J. (2005). A study of online transaction self-efficacy, consumer trust, and uncertainty reduction in electronic commerce transaction. Proceedings of the 38th Hawaii International Conference on System Sciences.
Kost, C. (2011). Investigating writing strategies and revision behavior in collaborative wiki projects. CALICO Journal, 28 (3), 606-620.
Lee, L. (2010). Exploring wiki-mediated collaborative writing: A case study in an elementary Spanish course. CALICO Journal, 27 (2), 260-276. Retrieved April 8, 2014, from: https://calico.org/journalTOC.php.
Lee, J., & Medlinger, S. (2011). Perceived self-efficacy and its effect on online learning acceptance and student satisfaction. Journal of Service Science and Management, 4, 243-252
Leuf, B., & Cunningham, W. (2001). The wiki way: Quick collaboration on the web. Boston, MA: Addison-Wesley Longman.
Liang, J. C., & Tsai, C. C. (2008). Internet self-efficacy and preferences toward constructivist internet-based learning environments: A study of pre-school teachers in Taiwan. Educational Technology & Society, 11(1), 226-237.
Lu, E.Y., Ma, H., Turner, S., & Huang, W. (2007). Wireless Internet and student-centered learning: A partial least-squares model. Computers and Education, 49, 530-544.
Lynch, R., & Dembo, M. (2004). The relationship between self-regulation and online learning in a blended learning context. International Review of Research in Open and Distance Learning. Retrieved Febrauary 2014 from: http://www.irrodl.org/content/v5.2/lynch-dembo.html.
Maftoon, P., & Akef, K. (2010). Developing rating scale descriptors for assessing the stages of writing process: The constructs underlying learners' performance. Journal of Language and Translation, 1(1), 1-18.
Marakas, G., Yi, M., & Johnson, R. (1998). The multilevel and multifaceted character of computer self-efficacy: Toward clarification of the construct and an integrative framework for reason. Information Systems Research, 9 (2), 126-163.
McCarthy, P., Meier, S., & Rinderer, R. (1985). Self-efficacy and writing: A different view of selfevaluation. College Composition and Communication. 36, 465–471.
Miltiadou, M., & Yu, C. (2000). Validation of the online technologies self-efficacy scale (OTSES). Information Systems Research, 11(1), 101-121.
Nunnally, J. (1978). Psychometric theory. New York: McGraw-Hill.
Pajares, F. (2002). Overview of social cognitive theory and of self-efficacy. Retrieved September 10, 2014, from: www.emory.edu/education/mfp/eff.html.
Pajares, F., & Schunk, D. H. (2001). Self-beliefs and school success: Self-efficacy, self-concept, and school achievement. In R. Riding & S. Rayner (Eds.), perception (pp. 239-266). London: Ablex Publishing.
Puzziferro, M. (2008). Online technologies self-efficacy and self-regulated learning as predictors of final grade and satisfaction in college-level online courses. The American Journal of Distance Education, 22, 72–89.
Rodriguez Robles, F. M. (2006). Learner characteristic, interaction and support service variables as predictors of satisfaction in Web-based distance education. Dissertation Abstracts International, 67(7), 12-32.
Sahin, I. (2007). Predicting student satisfaction in distance education and learning environments. ERIC Document Reproduction Service, 23-43.
Salaber, J. (2014). Facilitating student engagement and collaboration in a large postgraduate course using wiki-based activities. The International Journal of Management Education, 12 (2), 115-126.
Salehi, M., & Rezaee, A. (2009). On the factor structure of the grammar section of university of Tehran English Proficiency Test. Indian Journal of Applied Linguistics. 35 (2), 169-187.
Tharp, T. L. (2010). Wiki, wiki, wiki—what? Assessing online collaborative writing. English Journal, 99 (5), 40–46
Thompson, R. L., Higgins, C. A. & Howell, J. M. (2002). Personal computing: Toward a conceptual model of utilization. MIS Quarterly, 15(1), 125-143.
Torkzadeh, G., & Van Dyke, T. P. (2001). Development and validation of an Internet self-efficacy scale. Behaviour and Information Technology, 20 (4), 275–280.
Tsai, M. J., & Tsai, C. C. (2003). Information searching strategies in web-based science learning: The role of Internet self-efficacy. Innovations in Education and Teaching International, 40, 43-50.
Vygotsky, L. S. (1978). Mind in society: The development of higher psychological processes. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press.
Wang, A. Y., & Newlin, M. H. (2002a). Predictors of web-student performance: The role of self- efficacy and reasons for taking an on-line class. Computers in Human Behavior, 18 (2), 151 – 163.
Wang, A. Y., & Newlin, M. H. (2002b). Predictors of performance in the virtual classroom. The Journal Online, 29 (10), 121-133. Retrieved November 14, 2014, from: http://www.thejournal.com/magazine/vault/A4023.cfm
Yang, C. C., Tsai, I. C., Cho, M. H., Kim, B., & Laffey, J. (2006). Exploring the relationships between students' academic motivation and social ability in online learning environments. Internet and Higher Education, 9 (4), 277-286.
Yi, M .,& Hwang, Y. Y. (2003). Predicting the use of web-based information systems: self-efficacy, enjoyment, learning goal orientation, and the technology acceptance model. International Journal of Human-Computer Studies, 59, 431–449.
Xie, K., Debacker, T. K., & Perguson, C. (2006). Extending the traditional classroom through online discussion: The role of student motivation. Journal of Educational Computing Research, 34, 67–89.
Zhang, J., Li, F., Duan, C., & Wu, G. (2001). Research on self-efficacy of distance learning and its influence to learners’ attainments. Retrieved November 14, 2014, from http://www.icce2001.org/cd/pdf/p13/CN100.pdf
Dr Amin Shahini received his PhD in TEFL from Islamic Azad University, Science and Research Branch. He received his MA and BA from the University of Tehran. He is currently a faculty member at Imam Sadigh University. His area of interest is CALL and Discourse Analysis and has published some articles in this regard in national and international journals.
Dr Majid Nemati received his PhD in applied Linguistics. He is currently an Assistant Professor at the University of Tehran. His area of interest includes applied linguistics, writing, ESP and first language acquisition. He has published a number of articles both in national and international journals and has given lectures in a number of local and international conferences.
Browse journals by subject